Evaluation of Yolk Sac Diameter and Embryonic Heart Rate as Prognostic Factors of Gestational Outcome in Early Singleton Pregnancies

Adiga, Prashanth and Selvi, C and Rai, Lavanya and Hebbar, Shripad (2015) Evaluation of Yolk Sac Diameter and Embryonic Heart Rate as Prognostic Factors of Gestational Outcome in Early Singleton Pregnancies. Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences, 3 (2). pp. 543-550. ISSN 2320-6691

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Abstract

It has been previously suggested that abnormal yolk sac characteristics and slow embryonic foetal heart rate are associated with poor gestational outcome and these parameters can be used to assess foetal viability in first trimester of pregnancies. However there is paucity of evidence in Indian medical literature. The purpose of present study was to examine the role of yolk sac characteristics and early embryonic heart rate (EHR) between 6 to 9 weeks of pregnancies and to study their associations with spontaneous abortions. This prospective observational study included 280 low risk healthy singleton pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in a tertiary medical institution in early gestation. Transvaginal ultrasound was carried out to quantify yolk sac morphometry and using M mode, early embryonic heart rate was measured. 90% (252/280) of subjects satisfied normal yolk sac morphometry according to Nyberg criteria and 99.2% of them (250/252) had ongoing pregnancies. 28 patients had abnormally appearing yolk sac and 34.5% of them (10/28) subsequently aborted. Similarly 99.3% (266/268) who had normal embryonic heart rate (≥100 bpm) had successful outcome. Abnormal heart rate (<100 bpm) was detected in 12 pregnancies and majority of them (10/12, 83.3%) ended up in foetal demise. Yolk sac diameter between 2-5 mm showed sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 93.3%, 83.3% and 92.9% for successful gestational outcome. The respective figures for embryonic heart rate (≥ 100 bpm) were 99.3%, 83.3% and 98.5%. The embryos with good yolk sac parameters and normal heart rate have high potential for survival.The information obtained by first trimester vaginal ultrasound may be used to prognosticate pregnancies that are complicated by previous bad obstetric history

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Yolk sac; Embryonic Heart Rate (EHR); First trimester; Spontaneous abortions
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 19 May 2015 05:21
Last Modified: 19 May 2015 05:21
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/142661

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