Effect of smoking, alcoholism and non-vegetarian diet on lipid profile in nondiabetic, non-hypertensive myocardial infarction patients

Rao, Guruprasad and Nayal, Bhavna (2015) Effect of smoking, alcoholism and non-vegetarian diet on lipid profile in nondiabetic, non-hypertensive myocardial infarction patients. International Journal of Biochemistry, 197. pp. 461-465.

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Abstract

Diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, high LDL-Cholesterol, low HDL-Cholesterol are risk factors of Myocardial Infarction (MI). Our study intends to find the isolated effect of cigarette smoking, alcohol and dietary habits on lipid profile in a non diabetic, non hypertensive MI. Serum lipid parameters were estimated in thirty five cases of non diabetic, non hypertensive MI patients and forty age and sex matched normal controls. In non diabetic, non hypertensive MI, when compared with respective group, non vegetarian females and males had higher total cholesterol (TC), LDL and TC/HDL than vegetarian; male smokers had high LDL, low VLDL and low triglyceride (TG) than non smokers and male alcoholics had high LDL and low TG than non alcoholics. TC, LDL and TC/HDL are increased due to the effect of smoking, alcohol consumption and non vegetarian diet even in a non diabetic, non hypertensive MI. This fact should be considered while managing a case of MI. Low sample size is a limitation of our study. However further large population based studies are needed to find out the adjusted effect of smoking, alcohol and diet on altered lipid profile and its independent risk of development of MI.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Smoking; alcohol; diet; lipid profile; myocardial infarction.
Subjects: Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Biochemistry
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Pathology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 20 May 2015 10:59
Last Modified: 20 May 2015 10:59
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/142708

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