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Estimation of time elapsed since the death from identification of morphological and histological time‑related changes in dental pulp: An observational study from porcine teeth

*, Monica Mehendiratta and Jain, Kanu and Boaz, Karen and Bansal, Mohit and Manaktala, Nidhi (2015) Estimation of time elapsed since the death from identification of morphological and histological time‑related changes in dental pulp: An observational study from porcine teeth. Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences, 7 (2). pp. 95-100. ISSN 0975-1475

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Abstract

Aim: Putrefaction of the human body with its rate and stages of the various changes occurring in this entire process have been explored widely by the forensic medicine experts to estimate the time elapsed since death. However, experimental data reported in literature pertaining to rates of putrefaction of the dental pulp retrieved from jaws of the dead is scarce. This study makes an attempt to find out the series of various changes which occur during the process of putrefaction of the dental pulp in a coastal environment like that of Southern India. An attempt has also been made to estimate the time elapsed since the death by assessing the duration for which dental pulp remains microscopically intact. Materials and Methods: Three different study setups at different times, followed one by other were created. In each setup, 10 specimens of porcine jaws with teeth were buried in surface soil and 10 specimens in subsurface soil. Dental pulp was retrieved at an interval of every 24 h to see for the various changes. All the environmental parameters including average daily rainfall precipitation, temperature, soil humidity, soil temperature, and soil pH were recorded. Results: A specific series of morphological changes in terms of changes in size, color, consistency, and odor; and a sequence of histological changes were observed from both surface and subsurface samples. Conclusion: Dental pulp buried in a coastal environment goes through a specific series of morphological and histological changes which can be interpreted up to 144 h from burial, after which pulp ceases to exist.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Death, dental pulp, histology, morphology, putrefaction, time elapsed
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Mangalore > Oral Pathology
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 27 May 2015 05:33
Last Modified: 27 May 2015 05:33
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/142776

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