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A comparative study of mutans streptococci and lactobacilli in mothers and children with early childhood caries (ECC), severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) and caries free group in a low income population

Acharya, Shashidhar and Singhal, Deepak Kumar (2014) A comparative study of mutans streptococci and lactobacilli in mothers and children with early childhood caries (ECC), severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) and caries free group in a low income population. Oral Health and Dental Management, 13 (4). pp. 1091-1095.

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Abstract

Aims and objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess levels of Mutans Streptococci and lactobacilli in children and mothers of children with early childhood caries (ECC), severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) and a caries free group in a low income population. Material and methods: The study was designed amongst 3-5 year old preschool children (n=74) and their mothers (n=74).Stimulated saliva samples were collected from each mother and child pair for bacterial assessment .One calibrated examiner carried out a comprehensive dental examination for each subject under optimal light using a mouth mirror and an explorer. Results: Child dmfs was 2.67 and 10.08 in ECC and S-ECC respectively. Mother DMFS was 21.75 and 24.25 in ECC and S-ECC children respectively. The log10 of total mutans streptococci Colony Forming Units (CFU) was 3.51 ± 0.62, 5.8 ± 0.37 and 6.25 ± 0.43 for caries free group, ECC and S-ECC groups respectively. Difference was significantly (p<0.001) lower for caries free group when compared with ECC and S-ECC groups, however difference was not found to be significant for ECC and S-ECC groups. Lactobacilli log10CFU count was found to be significantly (p<0.001) lower for caries free group when compared with ECC and S-ECC groups. Although it was not statistically different for the ECC and S-ECC groups. Total mutans streptococci log10CFU count in mothers was 4.40 ± 0.48, 5.1 ± 0.34 and 5.76 ± 0.34 for caries free group, ECC and S-ECC groups respectively. This difference was found to be significant lower (p<0.001) for caries free group when compared with ECC and S-ECC groups. Total lactobacilli CFU count in mothers was 2.94 ± 1.19, 3.93 ± 0.99 and 5.27 ± 0.61 for caries free group, ECC and S-ECC groups respectively. This difference was found to be significant (p<0.001) for caries free group, ECC and S-ECC groups. Conclusion: Microbial count was higher in the mothers and children with ECC and S-ECC than caries free group. Mothers can be targeted for intervention, for prevention of early childhood caries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Early childhood caries (ECC); severe early childhood caries (S-ECC); mutans streptococci; lactobacilli.
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Preventive and Community Dentistry
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2015 04:39
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2015 04:39
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/143181

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