Inflammation during gestation induced spatial memory and learning deficits: Attenuated by physical exercise in juvenile rats

Thangarajan, Rajesh and Rao, Ramesh Tantradi and Rai, Kiranmai S and Sivakumar, G (2015) Inflammation during gestation induced spatial memory and learning deficits: Attenuated by physical exercise in juvenile rats. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 9 (6). CF01-CF04. ISSN 0973-709X

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Abstract

Background: Gestational infections induced inflammation (GIII) is a cause of various postnatal neurological deficits in developing countries. Such intra uterine insults could result in persistent learning-memory disabilities. There are no studies elucidating the efficacy of adolescence exercise on spatial learning- memory abilities of young adult rats pre-exposed to inflammatory insult during fetal life. Aims and Objectives: The present study addresses the efficacy of physical (running) exercise during adolescent period in attenuating spatial memory deficits induced by exposure to GIII in rats. Materials and Methods: Pregnant Wistar dams were randomly divided into control and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) groups, injected intra peritoneally (i.p) with saline (0.5ml) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (0.5mg/kg) on alternate days from gestation day 14 (GD 14) till delivery. After parturition, pups were divided into 3 groups (n=6/group) a) Sham control and LPS group divided into 2 subgroups- b) LPS and c) LPS exercise group. Running exercise was given only to LPS exercise group during postnatal days (PNDs) 30 to 60 (15min/day). Spatial learning and memory performance was assessed by Morris water maze test (MWM), on postnatal day 61 to 67 in all groups. Results: Young rats pre-exposed to GIII and subjected to running exercise through juvenile period displayed significant decrease in latency to reach escape platform and spent significant duration in target quadrant in MWM test, compared to age matched LPS group. Results of the current study demonstrated that exercise through juvenile/adolescent period effectively mitigates gestational inflammation-induced cognitive deficits in young adult rats. Conclusion: Inflammation during gestation impairs offspring’s spatial memory and learning abilities. Whereas, early postnatal physical exercise attenuates, to higher extent, cognitive impairment resulted from exposure to LPS induced inflammation during intrauterine growth period.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cognitive deficits; lipopolysaccharides; prenatal inflammation; running exercise.
Subjects: Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Anatomy
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Physiology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Physiology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2015 04:44
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2015 04:44
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/143253

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