Idiopathic Hypereosinophilic Syndrome in Children: 3 Cases with Review of Literature

Kanthila, Jayashree and *, Nalini Bhaskaranand (2013) Idiopathic Hypereosinophilic Syndrome in Children: 3 Cases with Review of Literature. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 80 (2). pp. 124-127. ISSN 0019-5456

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Abstract

Objectives To highlight the varied clinical manifestations and management of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome, a rare disorder in children. Methods Retrospective review of case records of 3 patients who were diagnosed to have idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (IHES) in a tertiary referral centre between 1997 and 2010 was performed. These 3 children presented with different symptoms and the first case had cardiac involvement. All had very high absolute eosinophil count (cells/ mm3) 43,206, 9,082, 2,925, respectively. Diagnosis was confirmed by bone marrow biopsy in all three cases and supported by liver biopsy in the first two cases and inguinal lymphnode biopsy in the last case. All 3 children responded to treatment with steroids, with only second patient requiring hydroxyurea to control disease. Results Case 1 and 2 are on follow up for 13 y and 10 y respectively and both are asymptomatic. Case 3 expired due to sepsis 1 mo after diagnosis. Conclusions Treatment with steroids with or without hydroxyurea gave good response in all 3 cases. Hence, they still remain the gold standard for the treatment of IHES in children.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome . Children . Steroids
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Paediatrics
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2015 09:52
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2015 09:52
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/143431

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