A case control study of unusual illness in endosulfan sprayed areas

Kanthila, Jayashree and Shenoy, U.V. (2012) A case control study of unusual illness in endosulfan sprayed areas. Karnataka Paediatric Journal, 27 (3 & 4). pp. 133-137.

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Background: Endosulfan is a pesticide used against broad spectrum of insects. Endosulfan is sprayed in nearly 4600 hectares of cashew garden in Kasargod District of Kerala and few villages of BelthangadiTaluk of Karnataka State by aerial spray. The unusual illnesses observed in these areas created an interest in us to undertake our study. Objectives: Identification of disease pattern in population exposed to endosulfan spray. Evaluation of magnitude of the problem by comparison with reference population. Methods: A case control study involving children up to 18 years in the endosulfan exposed area versus children in non exposed area. Setting place: Endosulfan exposed areas of Kasargod district of Kerala state and villages of Belthangaditaluk of Karnataka state. Results: Total number of children in study group 1100, of which 124 children had significant health problem. Disease spectrum : central nervous system (CNS) disorders among study group(39/124) top the list followed by genitourinary system(22), cardiovascular(17),thyroid disorders(11), skeletal(8), nonparalyticnystagmus (6), congenital malformation (5),others(13). Among CNS disorders, majority had scholastic backwardness (14/39) and seizure disorders (13/39). Conclusions: Endosulfan being a xenoestrogen causes various reproductive defects inmales and females and has led to birth of offsprings with various congenital anomalies. On long term exposure, endosulfan is alleged to cause central nervous system and cardiovascular disorders. Key words: endosulfan, cashew plantations, central nervous system.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Paediatrics
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2015 06:33
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2015 06:33
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/143489

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