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Omega-3 fatty acids: a comprehensive review of their role in health and disease

Yashodhara, BM and Umakanth, Shashikiran and Bhat, Shashikala K and Kamath, Ramachandra K (2009) Omega-3 fatty acids: a comprehensive review of their role in health and disease. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 85. pp. 84-90. ISSN 1469-0756

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Abstract

Omega-3 fatty acids (?-3 FAs) are essential fatty acids with diverse biological effects in human health and disease. Reduced cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is a well-established benefit of their intake. Dietary supplementation may also benefit patients with dys- lipidaemia, atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes melli- tus, metabolic syndrome, obesity, inflammatory diseases, neurological/ neuropsychiatric disorders and eye diseases. Consumption of v-3 FAs during pregnancy reduces the risk of premature birth and improves intellectual devel- opment of the fetus. Fish, fish oils and some vegetable oils are rich sources of v-3 FAs. According to the UK Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition guidelines (2004), a healthy adult should consume a minimum of two portions of fish a week to obtain the health benefit. This review outlines the health implications, dietary sources, deficiency states and recommended allowances of v-3 FAs in relation to human nutrition.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medicine > MMMC Maleka
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Medicine
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2015 10:05
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2015 10:05
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/143600

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