Effect of Smoking on Health Related Quality of Life among Students

Singh, Rakesh Kumar and Ligade, Virendra S and Udupa, N and Naik, Anantha Nagappa and Muragundi, Pradeep M (2014) Effect of Smoking on Health Related Quality of Life among Students. International Journal of Community Pharmacy, 8 (1). pp. 17-22.

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Objective: As young students are more prone to smoking and associated dangers it affects their health related quality of life (HRQoL). This study was done to assess the HRQoL and other associated factors affecting HRQoL among smokers and nonsmokers of Manipal. Methods: In this exploratory study a pilot tested questionnaire was used to collect information regarding young students, demographics, BMI, food habits, alcohol consumption, family history of smoking as well as family history of diseases. For health related quality of life measurement both descriptive and visual analogue score (VAS) of EQ 5D 5L questionnaire ware used. The data collected was analyzed using SPSS 16.0.0. The test of significance was done by using Chi Square test for checking the associated habits and Mann Whitney U test is done to check the significance of association between HRQoL and smoking and other associated habits. Results: Total 126 students were included in the study. The age was 22.9±2.17 (Mean±SD) and BMI was 22.03±4.27 (Mean±SD) and all of them were residing in Manipal. 63 % of the students were non-vegetarians and 44.8% were consuming alcohol at least once in a month. The mean EQ 5D visual analogue score of the studied population was found to be 83.3±11.5 (Mean±SD). The Chi square test showed the association between smoking with family history of smoking, alcohol consumption and soft drinks consumption (p< 0.001, 0.001 and 0.05 respectively). Mann Whitney U test showed as significant difference in the VAS scores among smokers and non-smokers (p<0.05). Conclusion: Health Related Quality of Life is severely compromised by smoking, hence there is an urgent need to create awareness among young students.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: HRQoL; Smoking; Young Students; Habits.
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacy Management
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2015 11:09
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2015 11:09
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/143607

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