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Factors Affecting Bone Mineral Density in Urban Field Practice Area in South India: A Cross Sectional Study.

*, Maria Nelliyanil and Joseph, Nitin and Mansoor, Saba and *, Bharani Kumar and *, Manjula Anil and *, Jayaram S (2015) Factors Affecting Bone Mineral Density in Urban Field Practice Area in South India: A Cross Sectional Study. International Journal of Current Medical And Applied Sciences, 7 (2). pp. 111-115. ISSN 2321-9327

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Abstract

Introduction: Osteoporosis as an important, global health problem that will increase in significance as the world population both increases and ages . Osteoporosis is a silent disease reflected many times by low bone mineral density(BMD) until a fracture occurs It has been called as ‘silent epidemic as it is a growing problem and many patients are asymptomatic. Most of the risk factors are modifiable through life style modifications thus preventing low BMD and osteoporosis. Thus the present study was undertaken to study the burden of low BMD and factors affecting the same. Methodology: A cross sectional study was carried out in urban field practice area of a private medical college enrolling 149 participants. Results: The mean BMD was 2.08± 0.9. Osteoporosis and osteopenia was detected in 36.2% and 46.4% study subjects respectively. BMD was correlated negatively with age , age at onset of menopause and height but positively with BMI and weight. In multiple linear regression analysis the independent parameters associated with BMD were menopause (attained vs not attained) ,physical activity ( yes vs .no ) and age. Conclusion: Low BMD was positively associated with modifiable risk factors like BMI, weight and physical activity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bone mineral density (BMD), risk factors, osteoporosis.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2015 09:56
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2015 09:56
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/143729

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