Awareness of consequences of obesity on reproductive health problems among women in an urban area in South India

Joseph, Nitin and *, Sneha V. and *, Maria Nelliyanil and Rai, Sharada and *, Supriya K. and Bhat , Kamalakshi (2015) Awareness of consequences of obesity on reproductive health problems among women in an urban area in South India. International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology, 4 (4). pp. 1109-1116. ISSN 2320-1770

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Background: Obesity is a well-known risk factor for number of non-communicable diseases. There is paucity of data however with regard to awareness of its consequences on reproductive health hazards. Methods: Data was collected from 208 women aged ≥18 years from households chosen by systematic random sampling in an urban area. Results: The mean age of participants was 41.4±14.2 years. Majority of them completed their graduation [109(52.4%)] and were housewives [80(38.5%)]. Most of them were married [167(80.3%)]. Out of 208 study participants, 166(79.8%) knew that obesity adversely affects reproductive health causing problems like PIH [156(75.0%)], GDM [150(72.1%)], menstrual irregularities [130(62.5%)], infertility [117(56.2%)], decreased efficacy of hormonal contraception [84(40.4%)], premature delivery [67(32.2%)], miscarriages [66(31.7%)] and fetal malformations [55(26.4%)] during pregnancy. Difficulties during delivery [137(65.9%)], higher chances of caesarean section [130(62.4%)], infections [36(17.3%)] and PPH [33(15.9%)] in the intra and post natal period were also known to participants. Majority of women [158(76%)] had average awareness level regarding consequences of obesity on their reproductive health. Only 21(10.1%) had good awareness. Source of information among majority of participants was media [116(55.8%)]. Good awareness level was significantly more among those aged ≤ 25 years (p=0.03), with higher level of education (p=0.038), nulligravida (p=0.037) and professionals (p=0.02). Conclusions: Awareness generation on consequences of obesity on reproductive health is required to bring about behavioral change regarding obesity prevention among women in the setting.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Awareness, Reproductive health problems, Obesity, Women, Urban area
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Paediatrics
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2015 05:49
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2015 05:49

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