Prevalence of Syphilis among People living with HIV (PLHIV) attending a tertiary care hospital in coastal south India

Madi, Deepak and *, Basavaprabhu Achappa and Vernakar, Poonam and *, Unnikrishnan B and *, John T Ramapuram and * , Soundarya Mahalingam (2015) Prevalence of Syphilis among People living with HIV (PLHIV) attending a tertiary care hospital in coastal south India. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 6 (6). pp. 77-79.

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Abstract

Background: Syphilis and HIV are both transmitted sexually so people can be infected with both diseases.Co-infection of syphilis and HIV alters the course of both the diseases.Venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL) test is a non-treponemal test, used commonly in Antiretroviral Therapy Centres (ART) in India to detect syphilis.The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of syphilis in HIV-infected patients attending a tertiary care hospital using VDRL test. Materials and Methods: Using a cross-sectional study design 113 HIV positive patients were included. VDRLtest was used to screen for syphilis. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS version 11.5. Results: Among the 113 patients screened 69(61%) were males and 44(39%) were females.Majority of the patients had acquired the disease through heterosexual transmission (92.9%). VDRL test was negative in all 113 patients. Conclusion: The seroprevalence of syphilis in coastal South India using VDRL is very less.Specific tests like Fluorescent Treponemal Antibody Absorption test (FTA-ABS) or Treponema pallidum hemagglutination Assay (TPHA) would be beneficial to detect asymptomatic syphilis in ART centers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Syphilis, HIV/AIDS, VDRL
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Paediatrics
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2015 06:41
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2015 06:41
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/143799

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