Urological Problems in Women after Menopause

Kushtagi, Pralhad (2015) Urological Problems in Women after Menopause. Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 3 (2). pp. 89-94.

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Management of problems after menopause is an important aspect of routine gynecological practice. Age related changes include thinning of trigonal and urethral epithelium, decrease in blood flow through urethral plexus resulting in reduced cooptation, and overall connective tissue (elasticity, striated muscles and total collagen) diminution. The effects on other organ systems and comorbidities add to urological problems in the aged.Though it is very difficult to attribute all these changes to aging, estrogen deprivation after menopause seems to contribute significantly to the urological problems. The problems are more cumbersome in the elderly worsened by thecomorbidities. Incontinence of any kind is abnormal regardless of any age. Treatment of the factors beyond the bladder for the voiding related worries including incontinence is required. A multipronged, creative, persistent and optimistic approach is needed to treat these cases.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: urological problems; menopause; incontinence; voiding difficulty
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2015 11:47
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2015 11:47
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/144096

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