Neurospora heterokaryons with complementary duplications and deficiencies in their constituent nuclei provide an approach to identify Nucleus-Limited genes

Dev, Ashish Giri (2015) Neurospora heterokaryons with complementary duplications and deficiencies in their constituent nuclei provide an approach to identify Nucleus-Limited genes. G3-Genes Genomes Genetics, 5 (6). pp. 1263-1272.

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Abstract

Introgression is the transfer of genes or genomic regions from one species into another via hybridization and back-crosses. We have introgressed four translocations (EB4, IBj5, UK14-1, and B362i) from Neurospora crassa into N. tetrasperma. This enabled us to construct two general types of heterokaryons with mat-A and mat-a nuclei of different genotypes: one type is [T + N] (with one translocation nucleus and one normal sequence nucleus), and the other is [Dp + Df] (with one nucleus carrying a duplication of the translocation region and the other being deleted for the translocation region). Self-crossing these heterokaryons again produced [T + N] and [Dp + Df] progeny. From conidia (vegetative spores) produced by the heterokaryotic mycelia, we obtained self-fertile (heterokaryotic) and self-sterile (homokaryotic) derivative strains. [T + N] heterokaryons produced homokaryotic conidial derivatives of both mating types, but [Dp + Df] heterokaryons produced viable conidial homokaryons of only the mating type of the Dp nucleus. All four [T + N] heterokaryons and three [Dp + Df] heterokaryons produced both self-sterile and self-fertile conidial derivatives, but the [Dp(B362i) + Df(B362i)] heterokaryons produced only self-sterile ones. Conceivably, the Df(B362i) nuclei may be deleted for a nucleus-limited gene required for efficient mitosis or nuclear division, and whose deficit is not complemented by the neighboring Dp(B362i) nuclei. A cross involving Dp(EB4) showed repeat-induced point mutation (RIP). Because RIP can occur in self-crosses of [Dp + Df] but not [T + N] heterokaryons, RIP alteration of a translocated segment would depend on the relative numbers of [Dp + Df] vs. [T + N] ancestors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chromosome; translocation; introgression; pseudohomothallism; RIP; MSUD;
Subjects: Research > Research Center - Health Sciences
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2015 16:30
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2015 16:30
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/144149

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