Periodontal disease as a risk factor for preterm delivery and low birth weight

Kukkamalla, Meena Anand and Thomas, Betsy S (2014) Periodontal disease as a risk factor for preterm delivery and low birth weight. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences, 13 (8). pp. 12-15. ISSN 2279-0861

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Objective: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the association between chronic periodontitis of mother with preterm delivery and low birth weight. Study design: Two hundred subjects who reported to Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Kasturba Hospital, Manipal, Karnataka were included in the study. Subjects were divided into cases and controls based on pregnancy outcome. General information on socioeconomic status, obstetric history, dental history, oral hygiene, gingival status and probing pocket depth were also recorded. Results: Poor oral hygiene,moderate to severe gingivitis and increased probing pocket depth was significantly higher in those who delivered small babies (preterm and small for gestational age) than the average sized (74% vs. 11%; x2 81.2, p<0.001). (x2 92.8, p<0.001). (60% vs. 3%; x2 97.9, p<0.001). Conclusion: There was significant co-relation of poor hygiene, gingival inflammation, probing pocket depth to Preterm Delivery and Low Birth Weight.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Preterm Delivery; Low Birth Weight; Periodontal disease.
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Periodontology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2015 14:20
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2015 14:20

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