Evaluation of calcium fluoroaluminosilicate based glass ionomer luting cements processed both by conventional and microwave assisted methods

Upadhya, Nagaraja P (2015) Evaluation of calcium fluoroaluminosilicate based glass ionomer luting cements processed both by conventional and microwave assisted methods. Technologies, 3. pp. 58-73. ISSN 2227-7080

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Abstract

Calcium fluoroaluminosilicate glasses (CAS) are used in the formulation of glass ionomer cements for dental applications. However, the cements obtained from CAS glasses were found to be radiolucent. In this study, the influence of substituting Zn, Sr and Mg for Ca of CAS glasses was investigated with respect to the structure and setting characteristics, mechanical properties, and radiopacity of cements designed for luting applications. Three glass compositions based on substitution of Zn, Sr and Mg for Ca at 1:1 molar ratio was synthesized. They were coded as the G 021 (Ca: Zn), G 022 (Ca: Sr), G 023 (Ca: Mg). G 021 and G 022 glasses were processed by conventional melt quench route, whereas G 023 was processed by microwave melt–quench route. Each glass was then mixed with Fuji Type I GIC liquid in order to evaluate the properties of novel cements at different powder/liquid ratios. X-ray diffraction and Fourier Transform-Infrared spectroscopy analysis confirmed the structure of the processed glasses. The average particle size of the processed glass powders was within specification limits for luting applications (<15 μm). The substitution of Zn, Sr and Mg for Ca at 1:1 molar ratio increased the reactivity of the respective glasses. This has been reflected in their respective setting characteristics and mechanical properties. The optimal combination of setting time, strength and radiopacity for the cements examined here was shown by G 022 cements. The microwave melting can be utilized for processing ionomer glasses as it did not alter the structure and properties of G 023 cement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Calcium fluoroaluminosilicate glass (CAS); Glass Ionomer cement (GIC); microwave melt quench route; Powder/liquid ratio [P/L ratio]; Initial setting time (working time); Final setting time; compressive strength; radiopacity; American Dental Association (ADA).
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Dental Materials
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2015 09:40
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2015 09:40
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/144302

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