A retrospective study on causes and methods used for suicide in selected hospital of Udupi taluk

Soumya, * and Adiga, Kasturi Ramesh and Mariamma, VG and Sheilini, Melita (2015) A retrospective study on causes and methods used for suicide in selected hospital of Udupi taluk. Asian Academic Research Journal of Multidisciplinary, 2 (5). pp. 185-191. ISSN 2319-2801

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Abstract

More than one lakh lives are lost every year due to suicide in India. Majority of the suicides (37.8%) in India are by those below the age of 30 years.1 Suicide is considered many a times by the people as the easy way of getting away from the problems. But it will indirectly affect the economy of the family and the country as a whole as many of the suicidal incidences seen are among the younger age groups. The causes for committing suicide vary among people. The present study was aimed at finding the causes for attempting suicide and methods adopted. Survey approach with retrospective survey design was adopted for the study and the sample were selected using the purposive sampling technique.The study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital of Udupi district. The data were collected retrospectively by accessing the medical records of patients with suicidal attempt during the year of study.The data collection instruments comprised of demographic proforma and questionnaires to collect the information from the medical records. The sample size was 250 and those who had attempted suicide between November 2011 and October 2012 and admitted at KH were included. The study results revealed that 94(37.6%) of the patients belonged to the age group of 21- 30years.Majority 164(65.6%) were males and 235(94%) of them belonged to Hindu religion. Unemployed formed 28.6% (70) of the sample that included housewives, retired and jobless due to redundancy. Majority 152(60.8%) were married. About the causes for suicide 67(26.8%) were found to be having premorbid status of psychiatric illness and 57(22.8%) of them had familial issues. Organo Phosphorous was the most commonly used substance 205(82%)) for the attempt. Of the 250 cases 98(39.2%) were treated with ventilator support during hospitalization. Majority 206(82.4%) had a hospital stay of less than 15 days. The study concluded that OP poisoning was the commonly used method of suicide and psychiatric illness was the majr cause for attempting suicide.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Retrospective; causes; methods; suicide.
Subjects: Nursing > MCON Manipal > Fundamentals of Nursing
Nursing > MCON Manipal > Medical Surgical
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2015 08:58
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2015 08:58
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/144561

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