Mitigating Effect of Indian Propolis Against Mitomycin C induced Bone Marrow Toxicity

Kumari, Sandhya and Salian, Sujith Raj and Devkar, Raviraj Anand and Khan, Saleemulla and Mutalik, Srinivas and Kalthur, Guruprasad and Adiga, Satish Kumar (2015) Mitigating Effect of Indian Propolis Against Mitomycin C induced Bone Marrow Toxicity. Cytotechnology. pp. 1-12.

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Abstract

A major drawback with cancer chemotherapy is its severe toxic effects on non-target tissues. Assessment of natural products for their protective effect against anticancer drugs-induced toxicity is gaining importance in cancer biology. The present study was aimed at assessing the protective effect of hydroethanolic extract of Indian propolis (HEIP) against mitomycin C (MMC)-induced genotoxicity and cytotoxicity. Swiss albino mice were injected with various doses of HEIP (100, 200, 300, 400, 600 and 800 mg/kg b. wt., i.p) 1 h prior to MMC (8 mg/ kg, i.p.) injection. The geno- and cyto-toxicities were evaluated in mice by performing bone marrow micronucleus and TUNEL assays. In vitro antioxidant and lipid peroxidation inhibitory assays were carried out to understand the mechanism of the protective effects. The significant increase in the frequency of micronculeated cells (12.51 ± 0.48),apoptotic cells (23.43 ± 1.86) and reduction in P/N ratio (0.69 ± 0.04) compared with control indicated the potential geno- and cytotoxic effects of MMC in bone marrow. Pretreatment with HEIP resulted in the significant recovery of the toxic effects induced by MMC. HEIP at 400 mg/kg b. wt. was found to be the optimum dose imparting the maximum protective effects. The in vitro antioxidant and lipid peroxidation inhibitory assays suggest that the extract possesses substantial free radical scavenging activities. In conclusion, HEIP possesses substantial geno- and cyto-protective properties against MMC, which could be mediated through efficient free radical scavenging and inhibitory effect on lipid peroxidation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Genotoxicity; Micronucleus; Apoptosis; Antioxidant activity
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmaceutics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2015 16:04
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2015 16:04
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/144671

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