Effectiveness of massage therapy on post-operative outcomes among patients undergoing cardiac surgery: A systematic review

Ramesha, C and Pai, Vasudev Baburaya and Patil, Nitin and Nayak, Baby S and George, Anice and George, Linu Sara and Devi, Elsa Sanatombi (2015) Effectiveness of massage therapy on post-operative outcomes among patients undergoing cardiac surgery: A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 2. pp. 304-312.

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Abstract

The incidence and prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are increasing rapidly in developing countries. Most patients with CVD do not respond to medical treatment and have to undergo cardiac surgery. This highly stressful experience results in increased levels of anxiety for patients. The objective of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of massage therapy on postoperative outcomes among patients undergoing cardiac surgery. A comprehensive literature search was made on PubMed-Medline, CINAHL, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science and the Cochrane library databases for original research articles published between 2000 and 2015. Original articles that reported the efficacy of massage therapy in patients undergoing cardiac surgery were included. The Cochrane data extraction form was used to extract data. A total of 297 studies were identified in the literature search. However, only seven studies were eligible for analysis. Of the seven studies, six studies demonstrated the effects of massage therapy on improving postoperative outcomes of patients, while one study found no evidence of improvement. Although the methods varied considerably, most of the studies included in this review reported positive results. Therefore, there is some evidence that massage therapy can lead to positive postoperative outcomes. Evidence of the effectiveness of massage therapy in patients undergoing cardiac surgery remains inconclusive. Additional research is needed to provide a strong evidence base for the use of massage therapy to improve post-operative outcomes and recovery among cardiac surgery patients.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anxiety; heart surgery; massage; pain; Post-operative period.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery
Nursing > MCON Manipal > Child Health
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2015 09:33
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2015 09:33
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/144707

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