MU Digital Repository
Logo

Non-invasive estimation of pulmonary vascular resistance in patients of pulmonary hypertension in congenital heart disease with unobstructed pulmonary flow

Ahmed, Imran and Ganiga, Naveen Chandra S (2014) Non-invasive estimation of pulmonary vascular resistance in patients of pulmonary hypertension in congenital heart disease with unobstructed pulmonary flow. Annals of Pediatric Cardiology, 7 (2). pp. 92-97.

[img] PDF
non invasive estimation PVR.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Context : Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) is a critical and essential parameter during the assessment and selection of modality of treatment in patients with congenital heart disease accompanied by pulmonary arterial hypertension. Aim : The present study was planned to evaluate non-invasive echocardiographic parameters to assess pulmonary vascular resistance. Settings and Design : This prospective observational study included 44 patients admitted in the cardiology and pediatric cardiology ward of our institution for diagnostic or pre-operative catheter based evaluation of pulmonary arterial pressure and PVR. Materials and Methods : Detailed echocardiographic evaluation was carried out including tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV) and velocity time integral of the right-ventricular outflow tract (VTIRVOT). These parameters were correlated with catheter-based measurements of PVR. Results : The TRV/VTIRVOT ratio correlated well with PVR measured at catheterization (PVRcath) (r = 0.896, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.816 to 0.9423, P < 0.001). Using the Bland-Altman analysis, PVR measurements derived from Doppler data showed satisfactory limits of agreement with catheterization estimated PVR. For a PVR of 6 Wood units (WU), a TRV/VTIRVOT value of 0.14 provided a sensitivity of 96.67% and a specificity of 92.86% (area under the curve 0.963, 95% confidence interval 0.858 to 0.997) and for PVR of 8 WU a TRV/VTIRVOT value of 0.17 provided a sensitivity of 79.17% and a specificity of 95% (area under the curve 0. 0.923, 95% confidence interval 0.801 to 0.982). Conclusions : Doppler-derived ratio of TRV/VTIRVOT is a simple, non-invasive index, which can be used to estimate PVR.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pulmonary vascular resistance; pulmonary arterial hypertension; tricuspid regurgitation velocity; velocity time integral; noninvasive assessment.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Cardiology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2015 10:14
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2015 10:14
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/144778

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item