Impact of Treatment Strategy on Outcomes in Patients with Candidemia and Other Forms of Invasive Candidiasis: A Patient-Level Quantitative Review of Randomized Trials

Peralam Yegneswaran, Prakash (2012) Impact of Treatment Strategy on Outcomes in Patients with Candidemia and Other Forms of Invasive Candidiasis: A Patient-Level Quantitative Review of Randomized Trials. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 54 (8). pp. 1110-1122.

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Abstract

Background. Invasive candidiasis (IC) is an important healthcare-related infection, with increasing incidence and a crude mortality exceeding 50%. Numerous treatment options are available yet comparative studies have not identified optimal therapy.Methods. We conducted an individual patient-level quantitative review of randomized trials for treatment of IC and to assess the impact of host-, organism-, and treatment-related factors on mortality and clinical cure. Studies were identified by searching computerized databases and queries of experts in the field for randomized trials comparing the effect of $2 antifungals for treatment of IC. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed to determine factors associated with patient outcomes.Results. Data from 1915 patients were obtained from 7 trials. Overall mortality among patients in the entire data set was 31.4%, and the rate of treatment success was 67.4%. Logistic regression analysis for the aggregate data set identified increasing age (odds ratio [OR], 1.01; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.00–1.02; P 5 .02), the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score (OR, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.08–1.14; P 5 .0001), use of immunosuppressive therapy (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.18–2.44; P 5 .001), and infection with Candida tropicalis (OR, 1.64; 95% CI, 1.11–2.39; P 5 .01) as predictors of mortality. Conversely, removal of a central venous catheter (CVC) (OR, 0.50; 95% CI, .35–.72; P 5 .0001) and treatment with an echinocandin antifungal (OR, 0.65; 95% CI, .45–.94; P 5 .02) were associated with decreased mortality. Similar findings were observed for the clinical success end point. Conclusions. Two treatment-related factors were associated with improved survival and greater clinical success: use of an echinocandin and removal of the CVC.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Microbiology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2015 14:02
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2015 09:03
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/144806

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