From bohrium to copernicium and beyond SHEresearch at SHIP

Münzenberg, G (2015) From bohrium to copernicium and beyond SHEresearch at SHIP. Nuclear PhysicsA944(2015), 944. pp. 5-29.

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Heavy-element research with SHIP at GSI is reviewed including the discovery of the chemical elements bohrium to copernicium, experimental developments, cold fusion of heavy ions, and the discovery of a shell region around hassium. Elements bohrium and heavier are located beyond the limit of liquid-drop stability. They exist by shell stabilization. A universal, sensitive, and fast method: in-flight separation and identification of single atomic nuclei has been developed with the velocity filter SHIP and the detector system to measure decay sequences of individual atoms. Research with single atomic nuclei including detection methods, identification, and physics results will be discussed. Experiments with actinide targets as well as prospects with NUSTAR at FAIR will be addressed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Superheavy elements; Heavy-ion fusion; In-flight separation; Nuclear spectroscopy; Nuclear shells; Fission barriers
Subjects: Departments at MU > Manipal Centre for Natural Sciences
Depositing User: MCNS Editor
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2015 14:46
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2015 14:46

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