Metabolic Syndrome in Childhood: Rare Case of Alstrom Syndrome with Blindness

Ahmad, Afzal and D’Souza, Benedicta and Yadav, Charu and Agarwal, Ashish Chandra and *, Anand Kumar and *, Nandini M and D’Souza, Vivian and Manjrekar, Poornima Ajay and Kamath, Nutan (2015) Metabolic Syndrome in Childhood: Rare Case of Alstrom Syndrome with Blindness. Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry. ISSN 0970-1915

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Alstrom’s syndrome (AS) is a rare autosomal recessive ciliopathic condition affecting 1:10,00,000 children. It’s a single gene disorder of ALMS1 on chromosome 2 with multisystem involvement with cone-rod retinal dystrophy causing juvenile blindness, obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 Diabetes mellitus, hypogonadism and sensorineural hearing loss. Till now only 800 patients with this disorder has been identified so far. In this report, we describe the case of a 9-year old male boy from south India. He had been initially referred for polyphagia, polyuria, polydipsia, generalized weakness from 1 weeks. On examination he was demonstrated features suggestive of AS, including blindness, obesity, type 2 diabetes, altered lipid profile, hypogonadism, acanthosis nigricans, seborrheic dermatitis, right ear discharge and episodes of respiratory tract infections. So, diagnosis of AS is critical as it can easily be overlooked because of the many features associated with metabolic syndrome starting at age 7, a relatively early age.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alstrom syndrome. Diabetes. Obesity. Metabolic syndrome
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Paediatrics
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Biochemistry
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2016 10:02
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2016 10:02

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