Prevalence of Anaemia among Postnatal Mothers in Coastal Karnataka

Bhagwan, Darshan and Kumar, Ashwini and Rao, Chythra R and Kamath, Asha (2016) Prevalence of Anaemia among Postnatal Mothers in Coastal Karnataka. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 10 (1). pp. 17-20.

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Introduction: Postpartum is the most neglected period in reproductive cycle of woman. Prevalence of anaemia in developing countries ranges from 50-95%. Aim: To estimate the prevalence of anaemia among postnatal mothers.Setting and design: A community based cross-sectional study among recently delivered mothers residing in field practice area of Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.Materials and Methods: The study sample included 401 respondents who were selected using stratified random sampling with proportionate allocation from all rural health centres. Data was collected by personal interviews followed by haemoglobin estimation by indirect cyanomethaemoglobin method.Results: The prevalence of postnatal anaemia was 26.5% (Anaemia = Hb<12gm/dl). There were no cases of severe anaemia. Postnatal anaemia was predominantly seen in mothers of age < 20 years and half of the mothers with inter-pregnancy intervals less than two years were found to be anaemic. Illiteracy was ident fied as a significant variable (OR=11.23, 95% CI = 1.90-65.08) for postpartum anaemia.Conclusion: The prevalence of anaemia was significantly lower in the present study; however sustained efforts have to be made to further lower the prevalence of postnatal anaemia in order to promote the health and well-being of women.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cross-sectional; Cyanomethaemoglobin method; Haemoglobin; Manipal
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2016 11:05
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2016 11:05

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