Prevalence and Correlates of Prehypertension Among Adults in Urban South India

Mithra, Prasanna P and *, Unnikrishnan B and Thankappan, Kavumpurathu Raman and *, Rekha T and Oldenburg, Brian (2016) Prevalence and Correlates of Prehypertension Among Adults in Urban South India. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 28 (1S). 93S-101S. ISSN 10105395

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Abstract

Prehypertension is one of the most common conditions affecting human beings worldwide. It is associated with several complications including hypertension. The blood pressure between normal and hypertension is prehypertension as per the Seventh Report Joint National Committee (JNC-7) classification. The current study was done to measure the magnitude of prehypertension and to study their sociodemographic correlates in the urban field practice area of Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India, among 624 people aged ≥20 years. The measurements of blood pressure were done (JNC 7 criteria) with the anthropometric measurements and lifestyle factors. Data analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 16. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated. Overall, 55% subjects had prehypertension and 30% had hypertension. Prehypertension was higher among males. Those from the higher age groups, those from upper socioeconomic status, obese individuals, and those with lesser physical activity had significantly higher association with prehypertension, and it was least among those who never used tobacco and alcohol.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: prehypertension, hypertension, prevalence, India, noncommunicable diseases, lifestyle
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2016 14:29
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2016 14:29
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/145174

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