Clinical presentation of abdominal tuberculosis in Indian scenario: A retrospective study

Menon, Parvathy R and Nambiar, Srikanth and Thunga, Girish and Patidar, Vinay and Khera, Kanav and Vohra, Yogesh (2015) Clinical presentation of abdominal tuberculosis in Indian scenario: A retrospective study. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences, 6 (6). pp. 44-50. ISSN 0975-8585

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Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is global public health emergency with 24% of all cases being reported from India. TB of the abdomen is often vague and non-specific in presentation and a great mimic of other diseases. With the objective of characterizing the demographic, clinical and treatment features of abdominal TB, all patients, without an age restriction with diagnosis of abdominal TB in the years of 2011 and 2012 were included. Median age was found to be 35. Abdominal pain (68.9%), fever (44.4%), weight loss (44.4%) were most frequent symptoms in the study group. The highest proportion of patients had peritoneal TB (46.3%). We found that 69% of the patients had hyponatremia at their first presentation. The study showed male predominance and showed no relation with HIV co-infection. A significant number of patients with abdominal TB too exhibit hyponatremia, and might be a valuable data just as it is in pulmonary and meningeal TB. The absence of a specific tool for the diagnosis of abdominal TB along with its proclivity to mimic other diseases makes its diagnosis tricky. However, once diagnosed correctly; it remains a disease well managed with medical therapy alone.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis; peritoneal tuberculosis; gastrointestinal tuberculosis; abdominal tuberculosis.
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2016 15:59
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2016 15:59
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/145323

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