Assessment of Environmental Factors Associated with Dengue Transmission in Udupi Taluk, Karnataka

Kamath, Ramachandra and Gupta, Roshan and Chandrasekaran, Varalakshmi and Pattanshetty, Sanjay (2013) Assessment of Environmental Factors Associated with Dengue Transmission in Udupi Taluk, Karnataka. Journal of the Scientific Society, 40 (3). pp. 159-161.

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Background: Dengue fever is a major public health problem in India. Dengue is a reemerging arboviral disease in the World. Assessment of environmental factors in the rural and urban areas is extremely important to understand vectors, its transmission and vector breeding sites. Aim: The study was conducted to assess the environmental factors associated with dengue transmission and its protective factors. Settings and Design: A Community based cross sectional study was conducted in Udupi Taluk. Materials and Methods: The Study period was conducted during March 2012 to August 2012. Sample size was calculated by the formula of estimation of proportion (n = Z2 pq/Є2 ) at 95% significance level.Stratified multistage cluster sampling was used. A total of 500 households of Udupi Taluk were selected randomly for the study. Statistical Analysis Used: Data was analyzed using the SPSS version 15, Chicago, IL. Results are presented in proportions. P < 0.05 was considered to be significant. Results: Results showed that foremost risk factor for vector breading was abundance of coconut shells around houses (73%), containers without covers 50.8% (outdoor) and 20% (indoor). The P < 0.05 was significant for usage of mosquito coil or repellents, having a protective screen for windows, doors in living rooms and use of insecticide spray to reduce mosquito density in urban and rural areas. Conclusions: Health education, specific protection and source reduction need to be emphasized to control dengue fever in rural and urban areas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dengue fever; Environmental factors; Transmission
Subjects: Departments at MU > Public Health
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2016 09:36
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2016 09:36

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