The Link between HIV/AIDS and Violence among Young Adults: A study in Udupi, Karnataka

Yadav, Nilesh and Kamath, Ramachandra and Lena, Ashok and Shetty, Bharatesh and Dhar, Murali and Varalakshmi, Chandrasekaran (2014) The Link between HIV/AIDS and Violence among Young Adults: A study in Udupi, Karnataka. International Journal of Medicine and Public Health, 4 (4). pp. 486-490.

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Background: Violence is a major public health problem which affects the community and threatens the life of people. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence and different forms of violence among HIV positive young adults taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Udupi district. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among HIV positive young adults (18-35 years) who were aware of their status. The participants were selected from ART Centre of Udupi district adopting convenience sampling. Data were collected from 200 young HIV positive young adults using a predesigned, pre-tested self-administered questionnaire. Results: The overall prevalence of domestic violence was 14.5% and was found to be more among females (17.6%) as compared to males (6.9%). This difference was statistically signifi cant among gender with a P-value <0.05. Among the various forms of violence the prevalence of physical violence was found to be 14.5% with signifi cant difference among gender. Among females who experienced physical violence, husband was perpetrator in 76% cases and among males, parents/relatives as the perpetrator in 75% cases. Around 8.5% of females had experienced sexual violence and husband was perpetrator in 50% of the cases followed by relatives and friend/acquaintance. Conclusion: Physical and sexual violence was found to be more in female HIV positive patients as compared to males. The presence of violence among HIV positive young adults especially among the females demands for the concerted efforts at combating underlying factors leading to violence among this vulnerable group of HIV positive young adults.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ART; HIV positive; Physical and sexual violence; Young adults
Subjects: Departments at MU > Public Health
Departments at MU > Statistics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2016 09:38
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2016 09:38

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