Ameliorative Effects of Angiotensin Receptor Blockers Against Scopolamine-induced Memory Impairment in Rats

Deb, Debasree and Nayak, Veena and Bairy, Laxminarayana K and Rao, Mohandas (2016) Ameliorative Effects of Angiotensin Receptor Blockers Against Scopolamine-induced Memory Impairment in Rats. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, 9 (2). pp. 335-341. ISSN 2455-3891

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Abstract

Objective: The present study was designed to investigate the cognitive enhancing property of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) in scopolamineinduced amnesic rats.Methods: A total of 42 male Wistar rats were divided into seven groups. Group 1 received 2% gum acacia orally for 4 weeks, Group 2 received normal saline, and Group3 received scopolamine (2mg/kg/i.p.) as a single dose. Groups4 and 5 received telmisartan (1.80mg/kg and 3.60mg/kg, respectively) while Groups 6 and 7 received losartan (2.25 mg/kg and 4.50 mg/kg, respectively), orally for 4 weeks, followed by scopolamine (2 mg/kg/i.p.) given 45 minutes prior to experimental procedure. Evaluation of learning and memory was assessed by using morris water maze test followed by estimation of hippocampal choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity. Alterations in hippocampal morphology and degree of neuronal survival were also analyzed following drug treatments.Results: Scopolamine-induced marked impairment of memory in the behavioral test which correlated with reduced ChAT activity and morphological changes in the hippocampus. Treatment with higher doses of telmisartan and losartan improved memory deficits in scopolamine-induced amnesic rats while increasing the hippocampal ChAT activity. The treatments also attenuated hippocampal degeneration and increased the number of surviving neurons in hippocampus scopolamine-induced amnesic rats.Conclusion: Pre-treatment with ARBs attenuated scopolamine-induced memory deficits which may be attributed to their angiotensin receptor blockade property or to improved cholinergic activity, and thus highlighting the potential of these drugs in dementia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Angiotensin scopolamine; Amnesia; Angiotensin receptor blockers; Losartan; Telmisartan
Subjects: Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Anatomy
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Pharmacology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2016 14:29
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2016 14:29
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/145541

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