A study of coconut shell - activated carbon for filtration and its comparison with sand filtration

Ratnoji, Shilpa S and Singh, Nimisha (2014) A study of coconut shell - activated carbon for filtration and its comparison with sand filtration. International Journal of Renewable Energy and Environmental Engineering, 2 (3). pp. 201-204. ISSN 2348-0157

[img] PDF
Shilpa-S-Ratnoji-1.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (311kB) | Request a copy


In India, the quality of raw water available for drinking purpose varies significantly resulting in modifications to the conventional water treatment scheme consisting of aeration, chemical coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, filtration and disinfection. Different alterations in these stages could lead to improvised levels of water quality. A novel solution to reinstate the sand filtration process is by utilizing activated carbon (AC) derived from coconut shell. A pilot scale study of filtration unit with different grades (on size basis) of coconut shell activated carbon (CS-AC) such as WTD816, WTE830 and WTE124 was carried out. These AC’s were assembled at different depths independently as well as in combination. This work examined reduction and removal of iron, turbidity, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) in river water by making different arrangements of CS-AC in the filtration unit. Also its comparison with sand, a conventional practice in water treatment plants in India was done to reduce these parameters. Finer grade activated carbon (AC-III) showed the maximum iron removal (95%). It also showed reduction in COD, BOD and to some extent turbidity in all types of arrangement which was not so in case of traditional sand filtration process. This technique is advantageous and it also helps in utilization of an agricultural waste

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2016 12:04
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2016 16:13
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/145620

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item