Development of Speech Audiometry Material in Goan Konkani Language

Dias, Marissa A and Devadas, Usha and Rajashekhar, B (2015) Development of Speech Audiometry Material in Goan Konkani Language. Language in India, 15 (2). pp. 268-280. ISSN 1930-2940

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In the audiological test battery, speech audiometry plays an important role. It measures an individual’s sensitivity to speech stimuli and higher level linguistic activities. In a standardized audiometric procedure, speech awareness threshold, speech recognition threshold and speech identification scores are measured using different speech stimuli such as consonants, spondees,phonetically balanced words and sentences. To enhance the accuracy of speech audiometry, speech stimuli should be developed and standardized in the native language of an individual Considering this, speech audiometry materials have been developed in several Indian languages and standardized. Konkani is one of the national languages of India and is official language and mother tongue of the Goa state (Southern State of India) which consists of two dialectal variations (Christian & Hindu). With reference to Konkani language, speech stimuli to assess speech audiometry scores are not available. The purpose of this study was to develop speech audiometry material (phonetically balance word list) in Goan Konkani language (common to both dialects) which can be used to assess speech identification performance in individuals with hearing impairment. Two lists of phonetically balanced words (20 words in each list) were prepared based on the frequencies of occurrence of different phonemes in Konkani language (common to both dialects). Using these two word list, Speech Identification Scores (SIS) were measured for normal hearing and sensori-neural hearing loss individuals. The two word lists developed were found to be effective in discriminating normal hearing from hearing impaired individuals. Test-retest reliability was found to be high. This indicates that the Phonetically Balanced (PB) words developed in this study are consistent enough to be used routinely when establishing SIS in the clinical population.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Speech audiometry; Konkani Language; Speech Identification Scores
Subjects: Allied Health > MCOAHS Manipal > Speech and Hearing
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2016 10:14
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2016 10:14

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