Shifting to settled cultivation: Changing practices among the Adis in Central Arunachal Pradesh, north-east India

Teegalapalli, Karthik and Datta, Aparajita (2016) Shifting to settled cultivation: Changing practices among the Adis in Central Arunachal Pradesh, north-east India. Ambio - A Journal of the Human Environment. ISSN 1654-7209

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Abstract

In the hilly tropics, although shifting cultivation is a widespread practice, government policies have attempted to replace it with other land uses. However, several factors determine whether farming communities can make the shift. We tried understanding the factors that facilitate or impede the shift to settled cultivation through interviews with the Adi tribe in north-east India. Although settled cultivation was initiated in the 60s, about 90 % of the families still practise shifting cultivation, observing 13 festivals associated with the annual agricultural calendar. Our results indicate that the economic status of a household determined whether a family undertook settled cultivation, while labour availability was important for shifting cultivation. Often, these nuances are ignored in the Government policies. We conclude that future policies should be mindful of cultural and socio-economic factors that affect the community and of the social-ecological resilience of the landscapes and not use a one-size-fits-all strategy

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Swidden Wet rice cultivation Upper Siang district Eastern Himalaya
Subjects: Research > Research Center - Technical
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 16 May 2016 15:44
Last Modified: 16 May 2016 15:44
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/146071

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