N0-((2-(6-bromo-2-oxo-2H-chromen-3-yl)-1H-indol-3-yl)methylene) benzohydrazide as a probable Bcl-2/Bcl-xL inhibitor with apoptotic and anti-metastatic potential

Kamath, Pooja R and Sunil, Dhanya and Ajees, Abdul A and Pai, KSR and Biswas, Subhankar (2016) N0-((2-(6-bromo-2-oxo-2H-chromen-3-yl)-1H-indol-3-yl)methylene) benzohydrazide as a probable Bcl-2/Bcl-xL inhibitor with apoptotic and anti-metastatic potential. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 120 (5). pp. 134-147. ISSN 0223-5234

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Abstract

A wide number of marketed drugs and drug candidates in cancer clinical development contain halogen substituents. The aim of the present study was to synthesize a series of halogen incorporated indolecoumarin hybrid schiff bases - N0-((2-(2-oxo-2H-chromen-3-yl)-1H-indol-3-yl)methylene)benzohydrazides and to investigate their apoptotic and anti-migratory potential in human breast adenocarcinoma cells as well as to examine their Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL protein binding ability via in silico docking. Hybrid 5g with a bromine atom in position-7 of coumarin ring displayed significant dose dependent cytotoxic activity with high selectivity to MCF-7 cells in MTT assay. Cell cycle progression analysis of 5g treated cells using flow cytometer exhibited a cell cycle arrest in the S phase and accumulation of cells in the subG1 phase. The apoptotic mode of cell death induced by 5g was further confirmed by Annexin-V staining assay. The wound healing assay revealed a profound impairment in the migration of MCF-7 cells presumably due to down-regulation of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL proteins induced by 5g as observed in immunoblotting analysis. SAR studies of these hybrid molecules based on cell viability and docking were also probed. The most active pharmacophore 5g was found to bind favourably to Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL in docking simulation analysis suggesting it to be a probable small molecule Bcl-2/Bcl-xL inhibitor and a potential lead for breast cancer chemotherapy with apoptotic and anti-metastatic properties.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hybrid schiff base,Cytotoxicity,Cell cycle,Apoptosis,Metastasis,Bcl-2/Bcl-xL
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Chemistry
Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 19 May 2016 14:13
Last Modified: 19 May 2016 14:13
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/146079

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