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Variations in the Course and Branching Pattern of Sciatic Nerve in the Gluteal region with Surgical Implications.

*, Prameela MD and Rai, Rajalakshmi and Saralaya, Vasudha and Prabhu, Latha V. and *, Mamatha T and *, Murlimanju BV (2016) Variations in the Course and Branching Pattern of Sciatic Nerve in the Gluteal region with Surgical Implications. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences, 7 (3). pp. 40-47. ISSN 0975-8585

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Abstract

Sciatic nerve is vulnerable to iatrogenic injuries during intramuscular injections in the gluteal region because of its course and relations in the gluteal region. It originates from sacral plexus, usually in the pelvic cavity and enters the gluteal region through the greater sciatic foramen below the piriformis. The level of its termination by dividing into tibial and common peroneal nerves varies. The present study is undertaken to measure the width and thickness of sciatic nerve in the gluteal region as well as to measure the length of sciatic nerve till its terminal division in 46 lower limbs. Among the 46 lower limbs studied the SN was below the piriformis in 40 specimens (87%), between the fibres of piriformis in 2 specimens (4%), above and below the superior gamellus in 3 limbs (7%) and it divided before entering the gluteal region in 1 (2%) lower limb. Since lower limb surgeries frequently involve sciatic nerve block, time to time documentation of usual and unusual course of sciatic nerve in the gluteal region becomes worthwhile.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sciatic nerve; anatomic variation; gluteal region; piriformis
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Anatomy
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2016 12:22
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2016 12:22
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/146395

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