Biomedical applications of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)

Unnikrishnan, VK and Nayak, Rajesh and Bhat, Sujatha and Mathew, Stanley and Kartha, VB and Santhosh, C (2016) Biomedical applications of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). Proceedings of SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, 9332. 933211.1-933211.5. ISSN 1996-756X

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LIBS has been proven to be a robust elemental analysis tool attracting interest because of the wide applications. LIBS can be used for analysis of any type of samples i.e. environmental/physiological, regardless of its state of matter. Conventional spectroscopy techniques are good in analytical performance, but their sample preparation method is mostly destructive and time consuming. Also, almost all these methods are incapable of analysing multi elements simaltaneously. On the other hand, LIBS has many potential advantages such as simplicity in the experimental setup, less sample preparation, less destructive analysis of sample etc. In this paper, we report some of the biomedical applications of LIBS. From the experiments carried out on clinical samples (calcified tissues or teeth and gall stones) for trace elemental mapping and detection, it was found that LIBS is a robust tool for such applications. It is seen that the presence and relative concentrations of major elements (calcium, phosphorus and magnesium) in human calcified tissue (tooth) can be easily determined using LIBS technique. The importance of this study comes in anthropology where tooth and bone are main samples from which reliable data can be easily retrieved. Similarly, elemental composition of bile juice and gall stone collected from the same subject using LIBS was found to be similar. The results show interesting prospects for LIBS to study cholelithiasis (the presence of stones in the gall bladder, is a common disease of the gastrointestinal tract) better.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: LIBS; Elemental analysis; Calcified tissue; Cholelithiasis
Subjects: Departments at MU > Atomic Molecular Physics
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Microbiology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Surgery
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2016 16:06
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2016 16:06

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