Comparative study of sorption and solubility of heat‑cure and self‑cure acrylic resins in different solutions

Saini, Rajesh and Kotian, Ravindra and Madhyastha, Prashanthi S and *, Srikant N (2016) Comparative study of sorption and solubility of heat‑cure and self‑cure acrylic resins in different solutions. Indian Journal of Dental Research, 27 (3). pp. 288-294. ISSN 0970-9290

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Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the sorption and solubility of heat‑cure and self‑cure acrylic resins in different solutions. Materials and Methods: One heat‑cure acrylic resin (Trevalon) and one self‑cure acrylic resin (Rapid Repair) were studied. Five groups of square‑shaped specimens (20 mm × 20 mm × 2 mm) were prepared for each acrylic resin and then immersed in five solutions: distilled water, artificial saliva, denture cleansing solution, distilled water, and denture cleaning solution for 12 h alternatively, artificial saliva and denture cleaning solution for 12 h alternatively at 37 ± 2°C, and tested sorption and solubility by weight gain/loss method, respectively, after 1, 6, and 11 weeks. The data were analyzed by one‑way analysis of variance followed by post hoc Tukey’s test. Results: Water sorption mean values varied from 17.5 ± 0.88 to 27.25 ± 1.04 μg/mm3 for heat cure and from 12.75 ± 0.55 to 19.75 ± 1.04 μg/mm3 for self‑cure in the different solutions after different interval periods of 1, 6, and 11 weeks. These values were statistically significant (P < 0.001). Water solubility mean values varied from 0.25 ± 0.55 to 1.5 ± 0.55 μg/mm3 for heat cure and from 1.5 ± 0.55 to 6.5 ± 0.55 μg/mm3 for self‑cure in the different solutions after different interval periods of 1, 6, and 11 weeks. These values were statistically not significant (P > 0.05). There was no linear correlation between sorption and solubility values. Overall, analysis of results showed the maximum sorption value in denture cleansing solution followed by alternative soaking in distilled water and artificial saliva. Least sorption was observed with artificial saliva followed by distilled water. Conclusion: Both heat‑cure and self‑cure acrylic resins showed varying water sorption and solubility. The results of both water sorption and solubility showed compliance with the International Standards Organization specification. No correlation was found between water sorption and solubility. Artificial saliva solution is a better storage medium than distilled water and denture cleansing solution for both heat‑cure and self‑cure acrylic resins.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acrylic resin, heat‑cure acrylic, self‑cure acrylic, solubility, water sorption
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Mangalore > Dental Materials
Dentistry > MCODS Mangalore > Oral Pathology
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2016 11:54
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2016 11:54
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/146635

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