The impact of lifestyles on the periodontal health of adults in Udupi district: A cross sectional study

Singla, Nishu and Acharya, Shashidhar and Ramprasad, VP and Chakravarthy, Kalyana and Singhal, Deepak Kumar and Singla, Ritesh (2016) The impact of lifestyles on the periodontal health of adults in Udupi district: A cross sectional study. Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology, 20 (3). pp. 330-335. ISSN 0972-124X

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Objectives: (1) To assess the impact of different lifestyle factors on periodontal health of adults. (2) To assess the impact of overall/combined lifestyle variable (calculated by health practice index [HPI]) on periodontal health of adults. Materials and Methods: A cross‑sectional study consisting of a structured questionnaire on HPI, oral health‑related behavior, and personal habits as well as sociodemographic variables was conducted on 800 subjects aged 20–50 years attending dental outreach set‑ups of Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal. Clinical examination for periodontal status was done by recording loss of attachment scores using community periodontal index (FDI/WHO‑1982). Statistical analysis was done by bivariate analysis using Chi‑square followed by multivariate analysis to obtain adjusted odds ratio with 95% confidence interval. Results: After adjusting for all the confounding variables in multivariate logistic regression analysis, the variables that showed an independent association with periodontitis were age, location, marital status, smoking, hours of sleep per night, physical activity, and overall poor lifestyles. Conclusion: Our results support studying a combined approach using various lifestyle behaviors for controlling chronic periodontitis. Necessary public health action on conditions which determine unhealthy lifestyle behaviors across population is needed which is possible by patient’s involvement in self‑care by promoting healthy lifestyles.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cross‑sectional study; health practice index; Indian population; lifestyle; periodontal health.
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Preventive and Community Dentistry
Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Orthodontics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2016 11:33
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2016 11:33

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