Notch1 Regulated Autophagy Controls Survival and Suppressor Activity of Activated Murine T-regulatory Cells

Marcel, Nimi (2016) Notch1 Regulated Autophagy Controls Survival and Suppressor Activity of Activated Murine T-regulatory Cells. eLife, 5. pp. 1-20.

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Abstract

Cell survival is one of several processes regulated by the Notch pathway in mammalian cells. Here we report functional outcomes of non- uclear Notch signaling to activate autophagy, a conserved cellular response to nutrient stress, regulating survival in murine natural T-regulatory cells (Tregs), an immune subset controlling tolerance and inflammation. Induction of autophagy required ligand-dependent, Notch intracellular domain (NIC) activity, which controlled mitochondrial organization and survival of activated Tregs. Consistently, NIC immune-precipitated Beclin and Atg14, constituents of the autophagy initiation complex. Further, ectopic expression of an effector of autophagy (Atg3) or recombinant NIC tagged to a nuclear export signal (NIC-NES), restored autophagy and suppressor function in Notch1-/- Tregs. Furthermore, Notch1 deficiency in the Treg lineage resulted in immune hyperactivity, implicating Notch activity in Treg homeostasis. Notch1 integration with autophagy, revealed in these experiments, holds implications for Notch regulated cell-fate decisions governing differentiation.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research > Research Center - Health Sciences
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2016 15:18
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2016 15:18
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/146754

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