A cephalometric analysis on magnitudes and shape of sella turcica

Rai, Ashwin R. and Rai, Rohan and *, Vani PC and Rai, Rajalakshmi and Vadgaonkar, Rajanigandha and *, Mamatha T (2016) A cephalometric analysis on magnitudes and shape of sella turcica. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 27 (5). pp. 1317-1320. ISSN 10492275

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Abstract

Familiarity with the shape and dimensions of sella turcica is important to recognize and manage pathological conditions of pituitary gland as well as for orthodontic treatment planning. The present study aims to describe the morphology and dimensions of sella turcica from Indian population, using lateral cephalograms to set a reference data for comparison among different races. The study used thirty six lateral skull radiographs of both sex between age group of 13 -18 years. Shape of sella turcica was noted by visual inspection. Length, height anterior, height median, height posterior, distance between frontonasal suture and mental spine to midpoint of posterior clinoid process and tuberculum sella was measured using digital vernier caliper with reference to Frankfort line. The results of the study revealed that mean length, height anterior, height median, height posterior was larger in females than in males. The morphological types identified include pointed posterior clinoid process with rounded hypophyseal fossa, hooked posterior clinoid process with rounded hypophyseal fossa, hooked posterior clinoid process with flask shaped hypophyseal fossa. These observations would be beneficial for the clinicians and orthodontists to design treatment planning in pathology of pituitary gland and in correcting dentofacial anomalies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sella turcica; cephalometric measurements; pituitary gland; morphometry
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Anatomy
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2016 11:46
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2016 11:46
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/146988

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