Assessing psychological consequences following maxillofacial trauma using DASS scale – our experience

Pokhrel, Prenit Kumar and Baliga, Mohan and *, Anand Amirthraj and Mehar, Harpreet (2016) Assessing psychological consequences following maxillofacial trauma using DASS scale – our experience. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 7 (2). pp. 85-89. ISSN 24679100

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Abstract

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate the psychological consequences among hospitalized patients facing Maxillofacial trauma. Materials and Methods: Ninety-two patients (78 male and 14 female) following maxillofacial trauma were assessed initially and later again after 4-6 months of the injury. For assessment the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) was used. Prevalence of Depression, Anxiety and Stress was assessed initially and later at follow-up in terms of percentage. Paired t-test was then used to assess if there is any signifi cant difference in the pre and post assessment of Depression, Anxiety and Stress after maxillofacial trauma. Results: Of 92 patients, 41.3% had normal depression and 13%, 26%, 16.3% and 3.2% had mild, moderate, severe and extremely severe depression respectively in the initial assessment. Whereas in the follow up assessment, 37.8% were normal, 19.5%, 31.7%, 10.9% had mild, moderate, severe depression respectively and none had extremely severe depression. Similarly, of 92 patients 39.1% of the subjects had normal anxiety, 6.5%, 25%, 15.2% and 14.1% had mild, moderate, severe anxiety and extremely severe anxiety respectively at the initial assessment. Whereas in the follow up assessment 45.1 % were normal, 12.1%, 28%, 12.1% and 2.4% had mild, moderate anxiety, severe and extremely severe anxiety respectively. Furthermore, of 92 patients, 79.3% of the subjects had normal stress, 8.7%, 10.8% and 1% had mild, moderate and severe stress respectively and no subjects had extremely severe stress at the initial assessment. During follow up assessment all patients were normal without any kind of stress. Paired t-test revealed that there was signifi cant levels of anxiety in patients following maxillofacial trauma but no signifi cant levels of Depression or Stress was found. Conclusion: Psychological morbidity commonly follows maxillofacial injury and it needs to be addressed in routine clinical practice.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Psychological consequences, Maxillofacial trauma, DASS, stress, depression, anxiety
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Mangalore > Oral Surgery
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2016 15:46
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2016 15:46
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/147023

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