Prevalence, Risk factors, Attitude on Tobacco use and Knowledge on Hazards among Adolescents in Karnataka, India

Vinay, M and Kulkarni, Muralidhar M (2011) Prevalence, Risk factors, Attitude on Tobacco use and Knowledge on Hazards among Adolescents in Karnataka, India. Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 7 (2). pp. 23-39.

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Abstract

Background: Tobacco consumption remains the single largest leading cause of preventable deaths & diseases. Tobacco consumption is a major risk factor for more than 25 diseases like coronary heart diseases, carcinomas, Bronchitis etc, and also causes economic& social deterioration. Adolescents are the most vulnerable population to initiate tobacco use. It is important to understand various factors that influence and encourage young teenagers to start smoking or to use other tobacco products.Objectives:To know the prevalence, initiating factors, behavioural patterns and determinants of tobacco use.Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study, data collected by personal interview of 1536 adolescents between the ages of 10-19 year.Results: Prevalence of tobacco use in this adolescent sample was 11.13% (171 out of 1536 subjects); 20.41% among males and 0.42% among females. The prevalence increased over the adolescent period – from 14.81% in the age group of 14 – 15 years to 68.42% among the age group of 18 – 19 years. The prevalence was 51.61% in illiterates compared to 7.58% in literates. Prevalence was higher among illiterate parents (8.87%) in comparison to those educated parents. Majority opined (50.29%) that the main reason for starting tobacco use was influence of their parents and relatives, followed by friends (45.03%). Other attributions were Show off (36.84%), curiosity (32.75%),movies (31.58%) and advertisements (5.26%).Conclusion: Tobacco use is present in a sizeable proportion of the adolescent population. Most started the abuse early and were aware of the hazards of tobacco. The adolescents perceive that their parents, relatives and friends as important factors for their tobacco use.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Prevalence; Tobacco use; Adolescents
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2016 14:05
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2016 14:05
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/147074

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