Antimicrobial Activity and Properties of Irreversible Hydrocolloid Impression Materials Incorporated with Silver Nanoparticles

Ginjupalli, Kishore and Tellapragada, Chaitanya and Gupta, Lokendra and Upadhya, Nagaraja P (2016) Antimicrobial Activity and Properties of Irreversible Hydrocolloid Impression Materials Incorporated with Silver Nanoparticles. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, 115 (6). pp. 722-728.

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Abstract

Statement of problem. Conventional spray and the immersion disinfection of irreversiblehydrocolloid impression materials may lead to dimensional changes. Purpose. The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity and properties of irreversible hydrocolloid impression materials incorporated with silver nanoparticles. Materials and methods. The antimicrobial activity and properties of 2 commercially available irreversible hydrocolloid impression materials were evaluated after incorporating varying concentrations of silver nanoparticles. Antimicrobialactivity was determined using the dis,k diffusion method. The gel strength, permanent deformation, flow, and gelation time were measured according to American Dental Association specification #18. Analysis of variance was used to identify the significantdifferences within and across the groups (a=.05).Results. Adding silver nanoparticles to irreversible hydrocolloid impression materials resulted in superior antimicrobial activity without adversely affecting their properties. Adding silver nanoparticles to Zelgan significantlyincreased the gel strength compared with the control group, except at 5 wt%. However,the gel strength of Tropicalginwas unaffected except at 5 wt%.An increase in the permanent deformation was found with the incorporation of silvernanoparticles in both Zelgan and Tropicalgin. The flow of Zelgan increased with the incorporation of silver nanoparticles, whereas a decrease in the flow of Tropicalginwas observed at 1wt% and 2 wt%.Anincrease in the gelation time of both Zelgan and Tropicalgin was observed with the incorporation of silver nanoparticles. Conclusions. Based on this in vitro study, silver nanoparticles can be incorporated into irreversible hydrocolloid impression materials as antimicrobial agents without adversely affecting their properties.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Prosthodontics
Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Dental Materials
Research > Research Center - Health Sciences
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2016 12:03
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2016 12:03
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/147092

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