Determinants of Smokeless Tobacco Consumption and its Cessation among its Current Users in India

*, Almas Binnal and *, Rajesh G and Ahmed, Junaid and *, Ceena Denny E (2016) Determinants of Smokeless Tobacco Consumption and its Cessation among its Current Users in India. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 10 (10). ZC103-ZC109.

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Introduction: Global Smokeless Tobacco (SLT) consumption is on the rise and constitutes a major Public Health problem. Controlling SLT intake is central to containing the increasing tobacco menace. Aim: The present study was undertaken to comprehensively explore various factors involved in SLT consumption and its cessation among current SLT users. Materials and Methods: Present study was conducted among current SLT users visiting Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences (MCODS), Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India. A structured, pretested and self-administered questionnaire was employed for the present study. Knowledge, attitude, behaviour, worksite practices of respondents towards SLT consumption and its cessation, barriers to SLT cessation were explored. Information about socio-demographic variables was also collected. R esults: Overall, 170 current SLT users participated in the present study. Results revealed that the mean knowledge, attitude, worksite related practices and barrier scores were 9.96(55.33%), 48.89(81.48%), 2.70(33.75%) and 54.25(60.27%) respectively. Correlation analysis revealed significant association of socio-demographic factors with knowledge, attitude and worksite related practices (p<0.05). SLT cessation related practices revealed that majority wished to quit (90%) and significant associations were noted amongst wish to quit with higher attitude scores; actual quit attempts with higher attitude, lower barrier scores and difficulty to quit with higher barrier scores (p<0.05). C onclusion: The present study draws attention towards involvement of complex interactions of various parameters including socio-demographic factors in SLT consumption and its cessation. Hence, it is imperative to implement multifactorial SLT control approach in order to contain tobacco menace spread across the globe.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Barriers, Prevention, Tobacco control, Worksite practices
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Mangalore > Public Health Dentistry
Dentistry > MCODS Mangalore > Oral Medicine and Radiology
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2016 11:31
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2016 11:31

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