Status of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in India – A narrative review

Sequira, Leena and Prabhu, Ravindra A and Mayya, Shreemathi S and Nagaraju, Shankar Prasad and Devi, Elsa Sanatombi and Nayak, Baby S and George, Anice (2016) Status of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in India – A narrative review. International Education & Research Journal [IERJ], 2 (1). pp. 121-124.

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Abstract

Background: Non communicable diseases are increasing day by day. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is one of the major causes of death in India. Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus are the common causes of CKD. Objective: The objective of this narrative review was to find the status of CKD in India Method: A through literature search was conducted using various titles and reports on peer reviewed medical indexed journals. The search was carried out using data bases MEDLINE and CINAHL. The review included nine relevant survey studies out of 432 hits. Results: Out of nine reviewed studies, two studies showed significant correlation between CKD and age, Diabetes Mellitus, hypertension, serum creatinine. One study showed 23.5% of hypertensive subjects were having CKD stage III. Study done in Bhopal showed average crude and age adjusted incidence rates were 151 and 232 per million populations respectively. The study done in Delhi showed the prevalence of CKD is 0.785% or 7852/million adult population Conclusion: The prevalence of CKD is increasing in India and studies done in India shows diabetes and hypertensions are the commonest causes of CKD. Identification of CKD in early stages is important to delay the progression of the disease which intern decreases the economic burden on individual, family and community. More such studies are required to sensitize the people about the functioning of kidney.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease; hypertension; diabetes mellitus; estimated glomerular filtration rate.
Subjects: Departments at MU > Statistics
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Nephrology
Nursing > MCON Manipal > Child Health
Nursing > MCON Manipal > Medical Surgical
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2016 15:12
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2016 15:12
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/147333

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