Impact of Seasonal Variant Temperatures and Laboratory Room Ambient Temperature on Mortality of Rats with Ischemic Brain Injury

Shivakumar, Gopalakrishnan and Babu, Ramesh MG and Thangarajan, Rajesh and Punja, Dhiren and Kanth, Akriti B and Rao, Mohandas KG and Rai, Kiranmai S (2016) Impact of Seasonal Variant Temperatures and Laboratory Room Ambient Temperature on Mortality of Rats with Ischemic Brain Injury. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 10 (4). pp. 1-5. ISSN 0973-709X

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Abstract

Introduction: A popular rat model for hypoperfusion ischemic brain injury is bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO). BCCAO surgery when performed in varying geographical locations and during different seasons of the year is reported to have variable mortality rates. Studies have also documented the diminishing influence of Ketamine-Xylazine (KT-XY) on thermoregulatory functions in rodents.Aim: To explore the impact of seasonal variant temperatures and laboratory room ambient temperatures on mortality of rats following BCCAO surgery.Materials and Methods: The study has two parts: 1 The first part is an analysis of a three year retrospective data to explore the association between the geographical season (hot summer and cold winter) induced laboratory room ambient temperature variations and the mortality rate in KT-XY anaesthetized BCCAO rats.2. The second part investigated the effect of conditioned laboratory room ambient temperature (CAT) (23-250C) in KT-XY anaesthetized BCCAO group of rats. Rats were divided into 4 groups(n =8/group) as- Normal control, BCCAO and Sham BCCAO where they were all exposed to unconditioned ambient temperature (UCAT) during their surgery and postoperative care. And finally fourth group rats exposed to CAT during the BCCAO surgery and postoperative care.Results: Pearson’s chi-square test indicates a significantly high association (p<0.006) between post-BCCAO mortality and hot season of the year. CAT during the hot season reduced the mortality rate (24% less) in post- BCCAO rats compared to the rats of UCAT.Conclusion: Despite seasonal variations in temperature, conditioning the laboratory room ambient temperatures to 230C, induces hypothermia in KT-XY anaesthetized ischemic brain injured rodents and improves their survival rate.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ischemic heart disease; Seasonal variations; Post-operative care
Subjects: Life Sciences > MLSC Manipal
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Anatomy
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Physiology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Physiology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2016 09:06
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2016 09:06
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/147667

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