A cross-sectional study to assess the stigma associated with tuberculosis among tuberculosis patients in Udupi district, Karnataka

Shivapujimath, Rajesh and Rao, Arathi and Nilima, * and Shilpa, DM (2017) A cross-sectional study to assess the stigma associated with tuberculosis among tuberculosis patients in Udupi district, Karnataka. Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, 64 (4). pp. 323-326. ISSN 0019-5707

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Abstract

Background: For decades, tuberculosis and other communicable diseases like human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome, leprosy, etc., have been associated with stigma and discrimination by the society; this can interfere with the lifestyle and disease management among these patients. Objective: To assess the stigma experienced by tuberculosis patients and to find the factors associated with stigma. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 209 sputum-positive and sputumnegative tuberculosis patients. Convenient sampling was used to identify the patients. A predesigned, pretested proforma from Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue developed by World Health Organization was used for data collection. Results: The study revealed that out of 209 respondents, 51.2% of the respondents experienced some form of stigma. Majority of the patients have received only primary education and 71.3% of the respondents were males. Most of the patients were under category 1 of Directly Observed Treatment Short course. Age, education, and smear status of the patient were found to be associated with stigmatization (P < 0.05), whereas factors like gender, income, occupation, family history, and marital status were found to be not significantly associated with stigmatization. Conclusion: Effective counseling measures are recommended for tuberculosis patients with advancing age and education which can help reduce stigmatization and thereby improve quality of life.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stigma; tuberculosis; social determinants; DOTS; Karnataka.
Subjects: Departments at MU > Public Health
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2018 11:02
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2018 11:02
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/147858

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