Association of Trauma from Occlusion with Localized Gingival Recession in Mandibular Anterior Teeth

Kundapur, Pratibha Panduranga and Bhat, Mahalinga K and Bhat, Subraya G (2009) Association of Trauma from Occlusion with Localized Gingival Recession in Mandibular Anterior Teeth. Dent Res J, 6 (2). pp. 71-74.

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Background: There have been passing references in history that excessive occlusal forces might be a causative factor in gingival recession. The purpose of the present cross-sectional study was to explore the role of trauma from occlusion on the development of gingival recession. Methods: Three hundred patients reporting to the department of Periodontics were screened for the presence of gingival recession in the lower incisors. A single trained examiner carried out clinical examination for signs of trauma from occlusion, such as fremitus test, presence of wear facets and mobility. The data were analyzed by chi square test. Results: No statistically significant relationship was observed between the presence of a positive fremitus and wear facets with gingival recession. However, a significant association was observed between patients who experienced mobility and gingival recession. Conclusion: There does appear to be a relationship between fremitus and tooth wear with gingival recession based on the results of the present study, though not conclusive. However, the sign of tooth mobility, which is a feature of trauma from occlusion, appeared to be a predictor of positive association with gingival recession.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dental occlusion, Gingival recession, Incisor, Tooth mobility, Traumatic.
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Periodontology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2011 04:57
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2016 09:56

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