Profile of cervical cancer patients attending Tertiary Care Hospitals of Mangalore, Karnataka: A 4 year retrospective study

Sharma, Aadhya and Kulkarni, Vaman and *, Unnikrishnan B and Singha, Meher and Mujtahedi, Saad and Chatrath, Anshul and *, Mallika Sridhar and *, Rekha T and Mithra, Prasanna P and *, Nithin Kumar and Holla, Ramesh and *, Darshan Bhagawan and *, Avinash Kumar (2017) Profile of cervical cancer patients attending Tertiary Care Hospitals of Mangalore, Karnataka: A 4 year retrospective study. Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine, 8 (1). pp. 125-129. ISSN 0976-9668

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Abstract

Objectives: To describe the sociodemographic characteristics and clinical profile of women presenting with cervical carcinoma and to identify factors associated with the timing of presentation and prognosis. Materials and Methods: A record-based descriptive study was carried out from 1st February to 31st March 2014 at Tertiary Care Hospitals of Mangalore. The study population included women who were diagnosed with cervical carcinoma from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2013. A pretested data extraction sheet aimed at collecting information from the inpatient records was used as the study instrument. The collected data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 16.0. Results: A total of 227 patients were included in the study. Mean (Standard Deviation) age of diagnosis of cervical cancer was found to be 55 ± 11 years. Majority of the women were Hindus (88.5%) and 51.0% of the women had occupational activities out of which manual labor was the most common. Forty-eight percent of the patients presented in the late stages. Squamous cell carcinoma was found to be the most common histological type. It was also observed that a slightly higher proportion of women with an age >49 years presented in late stages of the disease (n = 70, 48.6%) compared to women <49 years of age (n = 28, 46.7%); however, the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.800). Conclusions: Our study found out a higher proportion of late presentation by the patients. It emphasizes the need for the development and implementation of an efficient screening cum prevention program for cervical cancer and to continue active research in the domains of identifying all possible risk factors and steps to mitigate them.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: India, retrospective studies, risk factors, uterine cervical neoplasms
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2017 11:18
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2017 11:18
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/148160

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