School based intervention programme on gingival health of 10-12 years old government aided school children of Basavangudi in Bangalore city – A randomized controlled trial

Chauhan, Arunima (2016) School based intervention programme on gingival health of 10-12 years old government aided school children of Basavangudi in Bangalore city – A randomized controlled trial. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 7 (2). pp. 97-103. ISSN 0976-0245

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Abstract

Objectives:To evaluate the effectiveness of a school based intervention program on gingival health of 10–12 year old government aided school children of Basavangudi in Bangalore city. Methods (Design):A 6 month randomized controlled trial was conducted on 264 subjects, aged 10–12 years to evaluate the effectiveness of school based intervention (oral health education) given in three different forms against a control group which received no intervention. These schools were randomly assigned as group A (control), Group B (class work), Group C (parental) and Group D (both classwork and parental). Intervention was given once every two months and their oral hygiene practices recorded by a questionnaire. The changes were recorded using Silness and Loe Plaque index and Loe and Silness Gingival index at pre and post intervention (2 months after the last intervention). Student's t test and one way ANOVA was used to compare the mean differences between pre and post intervention scores, followed by Post hoc test for within group differences. Results:Reduction observed in plaque and gingival scores following interventions were statistically significant (p<0.001). Within groups comparison revealed significant differences for group C (p=0.002) and group B (p=0.021) for gingival scores, this was not observed in Plaque scores. A Hawthorne effect was also observed in control group. An improvement was also observed in oral hygiene practices. Conclusion:Parental involvement was found to improve gingival health. Oral health education given once every 2 months was found to reduce plaque and gingival scores.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gingival health; adolescent's oral health; dental health education; oral health promotion.
Subjects: Dentistry > MMMC Melaka
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2017 09:01
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2017 09:01
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/148167

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