Curricular Impact on Learning Approaches and Critical Thinking Skills of Medical Students

Asha, V and Devi, Vasudha and Rao, Raghavendra and Abraham, Reem Rachel and Torke, Sharmila (2016) Curricular Impact on Learning Approaches and Critical Thinking Skills of Medical Students. Education in Medicine Journal, 8 (4). pp. 39-45. ISSN 2180-1932

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Abstract

Objectives: This investigation focused on finding the changes in learning approaches of students’ while experiencing physiology curriculum and to explore the reflection of changes if any, on their critical thinking skills. Methods: In this longitudinal study, information on students’ learning approaches was obtained using the revised two factor study process questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F) at the commencement (pre-test) and completion (post-test) of first year MBBS course. The total score and the scores obtained in the critical thinking questions in four physiology assessments were analysed. Pre and post-tests scores in R-SPQ-2F and assessment scores were compared using independent samples t-test and one way repeated measure ANOVA respectively. Correlation of scores between assessments was done using Pearson correlation. A p value < 0.05 was taken as significant. Results: A significant increase in students’ deep learning approach at the completion of the physiology curriculum when compared to commencement (p < 0.001) was observed. A progressive improvement in their scores as they experienced the curriculum was also noticed. A moderate correlation among critical thinking questions scores and a strong correlation between critical thinking questions and total essay scores were also recorded. Conclusion: The study revealed improvement in students’ deep approach to learning in physiology which was reflected in their performance in critical thinking questions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Curriculum; Impact; Learning approach; Critical thinking
Subjects: Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Pharmacology
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Physiology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Physiology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2017 14:27
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2017 14:27
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/148287

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